Alternative Modeling of GPS Carrier Phases for Geodetic Network Analysis

  • Wolfgang Lindlohr
Conference paper


The observation equation for undifferenced GPS carrier beat phases is developed. The unknowns are divided into the desired cartesian ground station and satellite point coordinate parameters and different types of disturbing bias parameters. The classical Gauß-Markov Model and the Mixed Model which employs stochastic prior information are used as alternative mathematical models for parameter estimation and prediction, respectively. The applicability for static analysis of geodetic network is demonstrated in a six station local area network in the city of Berlin. Additionally, the concept of kinematic GPS relative positioning is described.


Global Position System Baseline Length Global Position System Satellite Geodetic Network Static Global Position System 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wolfgang Lindlohr
    • 1
  1. 1.Geodätisches InstitutUniversität StuttgartGermany

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