Electrostatic Effects and Counterion Condensation in Gels
A universal property of gels is that they undergo a volume phase transition when external conditions are varied. The equilibrium phase properties of these gels are well characterized by the classical Flory-Huggins theory . However, the theory is not yet quantitative in the case of ionic gels . Hence, we now consider the electrostatic effects on the equilibrium phase properties of ionic gels in an attempt to clarify the current discrepancies.