Electrostatic Effects and Counterion Condensation in Gels

  • Y. Y. Suzuki
  • T. Tanaka
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Series in Synergetics book series (SSSYN, volume 43)


A universal property of gels is that they undergo a volume phase transition when external conditions are varied. The equilibrium phase properties of these gels are well characterized by the classical Flory-Huggins theory [1]. However, the theory is not yet quantitative in the case of ionic gels [2]. Hence, we now consider the electrostatic effects on the equilibrium phase properties of ionic gels in an attempt to clarify the current discrepancies.


Electrostatic Effect Volume Phase Transition Chain Configuration Equilibrium Size Counterion Condensation 
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  1. 1.
    P. J. Flory, In Principle of Polymer Chemistry ( Cornel University, Ithaca, 1963 )Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    S. Hirotsu, Y. Hirokawa, T. Tanaka, J. Chem. Phys., 82 1392 (1987)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    P. G. de Gennes, Scaling Concepts in Polymer Physics ( Cornell university, Ithaca, 1979 )Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    F. Oosawa, In Polyelectrolytes ( Marcel Dekker, New York, 1971 )Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin, Heidelberg 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Y. Y. Suzuki
    • 1
  • T. Tanaka
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Physics and Center for Materials Science & EngineeringMassachusetts Institute of TechnologyCambridgeUSA

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