Effects of air pollutants on reproductive processes of poplar (Populus spp.) and Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.)

  • H. Venne
  • F. Scholz
  • A. Vornweg

Abstract

Fumigation of female flowers before and/or after controlled pollinations of poplar clones (Populus spp.) showed detrimental effects of different atmospheric pollutants on reproductive processes in vivo. In particular, seed gain, germination capacity of seed and growth of seedlings were reduced by fumigating female flowers during anthesis and after pollination. Sulphur dioxide impaired the development of antheres, whereas ozone mainly displayed detrimental effects after pollination. But kind and extent of the effects not only depended on the respective pollutant, also the tested clones showed differences in sensitivity to toxic gases. Analogous clonal variation of sensitivity to SO2 and O3 was found in pollen germination and pollen tube growth in vitro of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.). In particular, clonal differences in pollen tube growth give rise to the supposition that air pollution causes fertility selection in forest tree populations.

Keywords

Migration Saccharose Dioxide Carbohydrate Europe 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Venne
    • 1
  • F. Scholz
    • 1
  • A. Vornweg
    • 1
  1. 1.Federal Research Centre for Forestry and Forest ProductsInstitute of Forest Genetics and Forest Tree BreedingGroßhansdorfFed. Rep. Germany

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