Response of Picea abies (L.) Karst. provenances to aluminum in hydroponics

  • Th. Geburek
  • F. Scholz

Abstract

Eighteen provenances of Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.) — mainly derived from the natural range — were screened for aluminum sensitivity in hydroponics. The stressed plant material was exposed cyclically to Al free and Al containing solutions (6.2 mM/l). Duration of the experiment amounted to 12 weeks. Shoot and root growth were suppressed by about 50 %. Aluminum sensitivity was independent of the geographic co-ordinates and of the altitude of the seed stands. Al concentration in the needles was negatively correlated with the growth traits. Exposure to Al caused a decreased uptake of several nutrient elements; Ca, Mg were affected mostly whereas K and P uptake were slightly reduced by Al. An intraspecific variation in element concentration was, with the exception of K and Al, not observed.

Keywords

Toxicity Depression Citrate Acidity Poplar 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Th. Geburek
    • 1
  • F. Scholz
    • 1
  1. 1.Federal Research Centre for Forestry and Forest ProductsInstitute of Forest Genetics and Forest Tree BreedingGrohansdorfFed. Rep. Germany

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