Bird Migration pp 175-182 | Cite as

Some Ecological Aspects of Migrants and Residents

  • R. J. O’Connor
Conference paper

Abstract

The ecology, and particularly the life history ecology, of migrancy and residency in birds has received surprisingly little attention. For some species, such as those migrating into harsh, arctic environments, the brief summer flush of productivity and the intolerable conditions at other times of year offer an obvious explanation superficially requiring little further study. For other species early work, by biologists resident in the temperate zone, asked merely how temperate zone species fitted into the tropical communities in which they wintered before returning to take their “proper” place in their breeding season community. Latterly this discussion has widened to entertain the notion that migrants breeding in the temperate zone may be species of tropical origin only temporarily visiting these breeding grounds (see review in Morse 1980). The importance of reproduction and survival rates and of migration costs in the evolution of migration has also received greater attention recently (Ketterson and Nolan 1976, 1983; Fretwell 1972, 1985; Greenberg 1980; O’Connor 1981, 1985).

Keywords

Migration Europe Defend Prep Oenanthe 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Alerstam T. Hogstedt G (1980) Spring predictability and leap-frog migration. Ornis Scand 11:196–200CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ashmole NP (1961) The biology of certain terns. D Phil Thesis, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  3. Ashmole NP (1963) The regulation of numbers of tropical oceanic birds. Ibis 103:458–473Google Scholar
  4. Brown JL (1969) The buffer effect and productivity in tit populations. Am Nat 103:347–354CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cox GW (1968) The role of competition in the evolution of migration. Evolution 22:180–192CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Fretwell SD (1969) Dominance behavior and winter habitat distribution in juncos (Junco hyemalis). Bird-Banding 40:401–25CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Fretwell SD (1972) Populations in a seasonal environment. Princeton University Press, Princeton NJGoogle Scholar
  8. Fretwell SD (1980) Evolution of migration in relation to factors regulating bird numbers. In: Keast A, Morton ES (eds) Migrant birds in the Neotropics: ecology, behavior, distribution and conservation. Smithsonian, Washington DC, pp 517–527Google Scholar
  9. Fretwell SD (1985) Why do birds migrate? Inter- and intraspecific competition in the evolution of bird migration contributions from population ecology. Proc Int Ornithol Congr 18:630–637Google Scholar
  10. Fretwell SD, Lucas HL (1970) On territorial behaviour and other factors influencing habitat distribution in birds. I. Theoretical development. Acta Biotheor 19:16–36CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Greenberg R (1980) Demographic aspects of long-distance migrations. In: Keast A, Morton ES (eds) Migrant birds in the Neotropics: ecology, behavior, distribution and conservation. Smithsonian, Washington DC, pp 493–504Google Scholar
  12. Haartman L von (1968) The evolution of resident versus migratory habit in birds. Some considerations. Ornis Fenn 45:1–7Google Scholar
  13. Herrera CM (1978) On the breeding distribution pattern of European migrant birds: MacArthur’s theme reexamined. Auk 95:496–509Google Scholar
  14. Ketterson ED, Nolan V (1976) Geographic variation and its climatic correlates in the sex ratio of eastern wintering dark-eyed juncos Junco hyemalis hyemalis. Ecology 57:679–693CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Ketterson ED, Nolan V (1983) The evolution of differential bird migration. In: Johnston RF (ed) Current ornithology, vol 1. Plenum, New York, pp 357–402Google Scholar
  16. Lack D (1966) Population studies of birds. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  17. Lack D (1976) Island biology illustrated by the land birds of Jamaica. Blackwell Scientific, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  18. MacArthur RH, Wilson EO (1967) The theory of island biogeography. Princeton University Press, Princeton NJGoogle Scholar
  19. Mayfield H (1975) Suggestions for calculating nest success. Wilson Bull 87:456–466Google Scholar
  20. Morse DH (1980) Population limitation: breeding or wintering grounds? In: Keast A, Morton ES (eds) Migrant birds in the Neotropics: ecology, behavior, distribution and conservation. Smithsonian, Washington DC, pp 505–516Google Scholar
  21. O’Connor RJ (1981) Comparisons between migrant and non-migrant birds in Britain. In: Aidley DJ (ed) Animal migration. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp 167–195 (Society for Experimental Biology Seminar Series, Number 13)Google Scholar
  22. O’Connor RJ (1985) Behavioural regulation of bird populations: a review of habitat use in relation to migration and residency. In: Sibly RM, Smith RH (eds) Behavioural ecology: ecological consequences of adaptive behaviour. Blackwell Scientific, Oxford, pp 105–142 (British Ecological Society Symposium Number 25)Google Scholar
  23. O’Connor RJ (1986) Dynamical aspects of avian habitat use. In: Verner J, Morrison ML, Ralph CJ (eds) Wildlife 2000: Modeling habitat relationships of terrestrial vertebrates. University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, WI, pp 235–240Google Scholar
  24. O’Connor RJ (1987) Organization of avian assemblages — the influence of intraspecific habitat dynamics. In: Gee J, Giller PR (eds) Organisation of communities — past and present. Blackwell Scientific, Oxford, pp 163–183 (British Ecological Society Symposium Number 26)Google Scholar
  25. O’Connor RJ, Fuller RJ (1985) Bird population responses to habitat. In: Taylor K, Fuller RJ, Lack PC (eds) Bird census and atlas studies. British Trust for Ornithology, Tring, UK, pp 197–212 (Proceedings of the Eighth International Bird Census Conference)Google Scholar
  26. Ricklefs RE (1980) Geographical variation in clutch size among passerine birds. Ashmole’s hypothesis Auk 97:38–49Google Scholar
  27. Rosenzweig ML (1985) Some theoretical aspects of habitat selection. In: Cody ML (ed) Habitat selection in birds. Academic Press, London, pp 517–540Google Scholar
  28. Wilson J (1977) Some breeding bird communities of sessile oak woodlands in Ireland. Pol Ecol Stud 3:245–256Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. J. O’Connor
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of WildlifeUniversity of MaineOronoUSA

Personalised recommendations