Bird Migration pp 175-182 | Cite as

Some Ecological Aspects of Migrants and Residents

  • R. J. O’Connor


The ecology, and particularly the life history ecology, of migrancy and residency in birds has received surprisingly little attention. For some species, such as those migrating into harsh, arctic environments, the brief summer flush of productivity and the intolerable conditions at other times of year offer an obvious explanation superficially requiring little further study. For other species early work, by biologists resident in the temperate zone, asked merely how temperate zone species fitted into the tropical communities in which they wintered before returning to take their “proper” place in their breeding season community. Latterly this discussion has widened to entertain the notion that migrants breeding in the temperate zone may be species of tropical origin only temporarily visiting these breeding grounds (see review in Morse 1980). The importance of reproduction and survival rates and of migration costs in the evolution of migration has also received greater attention recently (Ketterson and Nolan 1976, 1983; Fretwell 1972, 1985; Greenberg 1980; O’Connor 1981, 1985).


Clutch Size Bird Community Migrant Species Nest Success Resident Species 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. J. O’Connor
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of WildlifeUniversity of MaineOronoUSA

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