Introduction to the Plant Plasma Membrane — Its Molecular Composition and Organization
The plant cell consists of a number of organelles and membrane systems including chloroplasts, mitochondria, peroxisomes, Golgi, tonoplast(s), endoplasmic reticulum, a variety of more or less well-defined small vesicles, and a nucleus, all embedded in the cytoplasm and enclosed by the plasma membrane, which in turn is surrounded by a cell wall. While the relatively rigid cell wall confers stability and protection against mechanical damage to the cell, the plasma membrane provides a relatively constant milieu for the intracellular metabolism by performing a balanced exchange of metabolites with the rest of the organism and its surroundings.
KeywordsCholesterol Carbohydrate Polysaccharide Fractionation Polypeptide
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Albertsson P-Å (1986) Partition of cell particles and macromolecules, 3rd edn, Wiley-Interscience, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- Cooke DT, Burden RS, Clarkson DT, James CS (1989) Xenobiotic induced changes in membrane lipid composition: effects on plasma membrane Atpases. In: Mechanisms and regulation of transport processes. British plant growth regulator group, Monograph 18: 41–53Google Scholar
- Edidin M (1981) Molecular motions and membrane organization and function. In:Finean JB, Michell RH (eds) Membrane structure. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 37–82Google Scholar
- Gallet O, Lemoine R, Larsson C, Delrot S (1989) The sucrose carrier of the plant plasma membrane. I. Differential affinity labeling. Biochim Biophys Acta 978: 56–64Google Scholar
- Hinton R, Dobrota M (1976) Density gradient centrifugation. North-Holland, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
- Kjellbom P, Larsson C, Rochester CP, Andersson B (1989) Integral and peripheral proteins of the spinach leaf plasma membrane. Plant Physiol Biochem 27: 1–6Google Scholar
- Larsson C (1983) Partition in aqueous polymer two-phase systems: a rapid method for separation of membrane particles according to their surface properties. In: Hall JL, Moore AL (eds) Isolation of membranes and organelles from plant cells. Academic Press, London, pp 277–309Google Scholar
- Le AV, Doyle D (1984) General theory of membrane structure and function. In: Venter JC, Harrison L (eds) Membranes, detergents, and receptor solubilization. Alan R Liss, New York (Receptor biochemistry and methodology, vol 1, pp 1–25 )Google Scholar
- Mahler SM, Wilce PA, Shanley BC (1988) Studies on regenerating liver and hepatoma plasma membranes — I. Lipid and protein composition. Int J Biochem 20: 605–611Google Scholar