Physical Problems Determining the Reliability of the Classical Microwave Frequency Standards

  • G. Busca
  • H. Schweda
  • P. Thomann
  • L. G. Bernier
Conference paper


Even if the microwave frequency standards are widely used in our modern life, their reliability has not reached the level which is expected for a “mature” technical product, the type of the market requiring such a standards preventing, up to now, the “purification stage” which is typical of “consumer products”.


Microwave Rubidium 


  1. 1.
    E.R. Straka: Proc. 36th Ann. Symp. Frequency Control, 1982, p. 236Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    H.S. Schweda, P. Thomann, G. Busca: Proc. 2nd European Time and Frequency Forum, 1988, p. 435Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    A. Bauch, T. Heindorff: Proc. 37th Ann. Symp. Frequency Control, 1985, p. 8Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    A. de Marchi, J. Shirley, R.E. Drullinger: IEEE Trans. on Instr. and Measurement, 1988Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    A. de Marchi: IEEE Trans. UFFC-34, 598 (1987)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    K.B. Person, F.L. Walls: NBS Techn. Note, to be publishedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    E. Mattison, R.F.C. Vessot: Proc. 44th Ann. Symp. Frequency Control, 1987, p. 95Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    C.H. Volk et al.: Proc. 38th Ann. Symp. Frequency Control, 1984, p. 387 and 41st ASFC, 1987, p. 36Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    J.C. Camparo, R.P. Frueholz: J. Appl. Phys. 59, 301 (1986)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    G. Busca, L. Pan: Proc. 1st European Time and Frequency Forum, 1987, p. 331Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    J. Vanier et al.: Proc. 3rd Symp. on Frequency Standards and Metrology, J. de Physique C-8, 139 (1981)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin, Heidelberg 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Busca
    • 1
  • H. Schweda
    • 1
  • P. Thomann
    • 2
  • L. G. Bernier
    • 2
  1. 1.Observatoire Cantonal de NeuchâtelNeuchâtelSwitzerland
  2. 2.Oscilloquartz S.A.NeuchâtelSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations