Uptake of Fungal Protoplasts by Plant Protoplasts

  • P. T. Lynch
  • S. Isaac
  • H. A. Collin
Part of the Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry book series (AGRICULTURE, volume 9)


A range of relationships can be formed between fungi and higher plants. Fungi are heterotrophic and grow by absorbing easily assimilable substrates directly or by first breaking down compounds by means of extracellular enzymes. Nutrients may be obtained from nonliving material by saprotrophy; from living tissues symbiotically, conferring mutual nutritional benefit or alternatively by parasitism through biotrophy or necrotrophy, causing disease and often resulting in plant death.


Protoplast Fusion Aspergillus Nidulans Protoplast Isolation Plant Protoplast Tobacco Protoplast 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. T. Lynch
    • 1
  • S. Isaac
    • 2
  • H. A. Collin
    • 2
  1. 1.Plant Genetic Manipulation Group, Department of BotanyUniversity of NottinghamNottinghamUK
  2. 2.Department of BotanyUniversity of LiverpoolLiverpoolUK

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