Transfer of Mitochondria Through Protoplast Fusion

  • H. Ichikawa
  • L. Tanno-Suenaga
  • J. Imamura
Part of the Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry book series (AGRICULTURE, volume 9)


The application of improved organelle or DNA isolation procedures and recombinant DNA technologies has led us to a more detailed understanding of higher plant mitochondrial genomes in the last decade. Mitochondrial genomes of higher plants are much larger in size than those of yeasts, fungi, and animals, and are variable, ranging from about 200 kb in Brassica and Oenothera to about 2400 kb in muskmelon (Ward et al. 1981; Leaver and Gray 1982; Levings 1983). Notwithstanding the larger size of plant mitochondrial DNA’s (mtDNA’s), the number of mitochondrial genes are thought to be similar compared with those of the other eukaryotes (Dawson et al. 1986; EcKenrode and Levings 1986). The mitochondrial genomes in some higher plants characterized so far, however, contain some direct repeat elements. Intramolecular recombinations through the direct repeats appear to produce the complex structure of plant mtDNA’s (Palmer and Shields 1984; Pring and Lonsdale 1985; Quetier et al. 1985).


Mitochondrial Genome Cytoplasmic Male Sterility Somatic Hybrid Protoplast Fusion Somatic Hybrid Plant 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Ichikawa
  • L. Tanno-Suenaga
  • J. Imamura
    • 1
  1. 1.Plantech Research InstituteMidori-ku, Yokohama, 227Japan

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