Chloroplast Genomes as Genetic Markers

  • S. D. Kung
Part of the Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry book series (AGRICULTURE, volume 9)


All biological phenomena are the consequences of a coordinated expression of the genome. Many molecules have been identified as the products of certain genes. Thus, they can be used to study genomic structure, function, regulation, and evolution. Proteins of various sources are the major macromolecules which have for decades been used successfully as genetic markers (Kung 1976). The ultimate molecular marker for studying the evolution of genes is the gene itself. Therefore, DNA molecules are the ideal markers for phylogenetic investigations. In plants, there are three separate genomes: nuclear, chloroplast, and mitochondrial. In this chapter, the primary focus is placed on the properties and application of the chloroplast genome as genetic markers.


Inverted Repeat Chloroplast Genome Somatic Hybrid Maternal Inheritance rbcL Gene 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. D. Kung
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Agricultural Biotechnology, Maryland Institute of Biotechnology, and Department of BotanyThe University of MarylandCollege ParkUSA

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