Coconut (Cocos nucifera L.): Micropropagation

  • J. Blake
Part of the Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry book series (AGRICULTURE, volume 10)


Despite the increasing production of soybean and palm oils over the last two decades, coconut oil remains an important product on the world market as it is one of only two commercial sources of short-chain fatty acids with 8–14 carbon atoms. Coconut oil is thus in direct competition with only one other such source, that being palm kernel oil. Coconut oil has a particularly high percentage (48%) of the C12 compound, lauric acid, which is in demand for the production of soaps and oleochemicals (Schwitzer 1985; Berger and Ong 1985). High quality soaps are particularly dependent on the inclusion of a percentage of coconut oil. A significant proportion of all coconut oil goes into the oleochemicals industry where the hydrophilic and hydrophobic qualities of the fatty acid and its derivatives are of particular importance for use in the production of surfactants and foam stabilizers for detergents, in cosmetics, shampoos and pharmaceuticals, as corrosion inhibitors, emulsifiers and wetting agents, and as plasticizers for PVC products.


Somatic Embryo Zygotic Embryo Coconut Palm Cocos Nucifera Flower Meristem 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Blake
    • 1
  1. 1.Unit for Advanced Propagation Systems, Dept. of HorticultureLondon University, Wye CollegeWye, Ashford, KentUK

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