Soil Acidity pp 97-124 | Cite as

The Chemistry of Aluminium, Iron and Manganese Oxides in Acid Soils

  • E. Paterson
  • B. A. Goodman
  • V. C. Farmer


The oxides of aluminium, iron and manganese, particularly the poorly crystallized and microcrystalline forms, are undoubtedly the most reactive components of acidic soils. The elements are initially liberated into solution as cations by acidic weathering of soil minerals, and then reprecipitated, either locally or after translocation, as hydrous oxide species of high specific surface area and reactivity. These precipitates can be readily remobilized to produce sudden flushes of the elements into the soil solution, so that a consideration of the factors that control their solubility forms a major part of this review. Since aluminium occurs exclusively in the trivalent form, only pH and complex formation affect the solubility of its oxides; but with iron and manganese more than one valency state may be involved, and redox potential must also be considered.


Acid Soil Fulvic Acid Manganese Oxide Layer Silicate Phosphate Adsorption 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Paterson
  • B. A. Goodman
  • V. C. Farmer
    • 1
  1. 1.The Macaulay Land Use Research InstituteAberdeenScotland

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