Alcohol

  • O. M. Jensen
  • A. B. Miller
Part of the ESO Monographs book series (ESO MONOGRAPHS)

Abstract

Associations between alcohol drinking and certain types of cancer have been observed for many years. Because some of the associations vary by site, the evidence will be considered in relation to individual cancer sites.

Keywords

Nickel Hepatitis Europe Smoke Alco 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    De Lint J, Levison T: Mortality among patients treated for alcoholism: a 5-year follow-up. Canad Med Assoc J 1975 (113):385–387PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Lyon JL, Klauber MR, Gardner JW, Smart CR: Cancer incidence in Mormons and non-Mormons in Utah, 1966–1970. N Eng J Med 1976 (294):129–133CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Registrar General. Decennial Supplement for England and Wales, 1951. Occupational Mortality, Vol II, Tables. London: HMSO, 1958Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Jensen OM: Cancer morbidity and causes of death among Danish brewery workers. Int J Cancer 1979 (23):454–463PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Wynder EL, Bross IJ, Feldmann RM: A study of etiological factors in cancer of the mouth. Cancer 1957(10):1300–1323PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Rothman KJ, Keller AZ: The effect of joint exposure to alcohol and tobacco on risk of cancer of the mouth and pharynx. J Chron Dis 1972 (25):711–716PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Keller AZ, Terris M: The association of alcohol and tobacco with cancer of the mouth and pharynx. Am J Pub Hlth 1965 (55):1578–1585CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Schwartz D, Lellouch J, Flamant R, Denoix PF: Alcool et cancer. Resultats d’une enquète rétrospective. Rev Fr Etudes Clin Biol 1962 (7):590– 604Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Graham S, Dayal H, Rohrer T et al: Dentition, diet, tobacco and alcohol in the epidemiology of oral cancer. JNC11977 (59):1611–1618Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Martinez I: Factors associated with cancer of the oesophagus, mouth and pharynx in Puerto-Rico. JNC11969 (42):1069–1094Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kennaway EL, Kennaway NM: A further study of the incidence of cancer of the lung and larynx. Br J Cancer 1947 (1):260–298PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kirchner JA, Malkin JS: Cancer of the larynx. AMA Arch Otolaryngol 1953 (5):19–30Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Monson RR, Lyon JL: Proportional mortality among alcoholics. Cancer 1975 (36):1077–1079PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Schmidt W, De Lint J: Causes of death of alcoholics. Quart J Stud Alcohol 1972 (33):171–185PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Wynder EL, Covey LS, Mabuchi K et al: Environmental factors in cancer of the larynx: a second look. Cancer 1976 (38):1591–1601PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Burch JD, Howe GR, Miller AB, Semincew R: Tobacco, alcohol, asbestos and nickel in the etiology of cancer of the larynx. A case-control study. JNCI 1981 (67):1219–1224PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Graham S, Mettlin C, Marshall J et al: Dietary factors in the epidemiology of cancer of the larynx. Am J Epidemiol 1981 (113): 675–680PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Olsen J, Sabroe S, Fasting U: Interaction of alcohol and tobacco as risk factors in cancer of the laryngeal region. J EpkJ Comm Hlth 1985 (39): 165– 168CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Piquet J.Tison: Alcool et cancer de Poesophage. Bull Acad Med 1937 (117):236–239Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Versluys JJ: Cancer and occupation in the Netherlands. Br J Cancer 1949 (3):161–185PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Wynder EL, Bross IJ: A study of etiological factors in cancer of the esophagus. Cancer 1961 (14):389– 413PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Tuyns AJ, Pequignot G, Jensen OM: Le cancer de I’oesophage en Ille-et-Vilaine en fonction des niveaux de consommation d’alcool et de tabac. Des risques qui se multiplient. Bull Cancer 1977 (64):45– 60PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Tuyns AJ: Alcohol. In: Schottenfeld D, Fraumeni JF (eds) Cancer, Epidemiology and Prevention. Philadelphia: Saunders 1982 pp 293–303Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Tuyns AJ: Oesophageal cancer in non-smoking drinkers and in non-drinking smokers. Int J Cancer 1983(32):443–444PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    De Jong JUW, Breslow N, Goh JEH et al: Aetiological factors in oesophageal cancer in Singapore Chinese. Int J Cancer 1974 (13):291–303PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Pottern LM, Morris LE, Blot WJ et al: Esophageal cancer among black men in Washington DC. I. Alcohol, tobacco and other risk factors. JNCI 1981 (67):777–783PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Hakulinen T, Lehtimaki L, Lehtonen M, Teppo L: Cancer morbidity among two male cohorts with increased alcohol consumption in Finland. JNCI 1974(52):1711–1714PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Sundby P: Alcoholism and Mortality. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget, 1967Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Audigier JC, Lambert R: Epidemiologic des cancers du tube digestif. Arch Franc Mal Appar Dig 1974 (63):413–432Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Hirayama T: Epidemiology of stomach cancer. Gann Monogr 1971 (11):3Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Hoey J, Montvernay C, Lambert R: Wine and tobacco: risk factors for gastric cancer in France. Am J Epidemiol 1981 (113):668–674PubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Acheson ED, Doll R: Dietary factors in carcinoma of the stomach: a study of 100 cases and 200 controls. Gut 1964 (5):126–131PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Graham S, Scholtz W, Martino P: Alimentary factors in the epidemiology of gastric cancer. Cancer 1972 (30):927–928PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Haenszel W, Kurihara M, Segi M, Lee RKC: Stomach cancer among Japanese in Hawaii. JNCI 1972 (49): 969–988PubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Tuyns AJ, Pequignot G, Gignoux M et al: Cancers of the digestive tract, alcohol and tobacco. Int J Cancer 1982 (30) :9–11PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Breslow NE, Enstrom JE: Geographic correlations between cancer mortality rates and alcohol-tobacco consumption in the United States. JNCI 1974 (53):631–639PubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Schrauzer GN: Cancer mortality correlation studies. II. Regional associations of mortalities with the consumption of foods and other conditions. Med Hyp 1976 (2):39–49CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Dean G, MacLennan R, McLoughlin H, Shelly E: The causes of death of blue-collar workers at a Dublin brewery, 1954–1973. Br J Cancer 1979 (40):581–589PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Miller AB, Howe GR, Jain M et al: Food items and food groups as risk factors in a case-control study of diet and colo-rectal cancer. Int J Cancer 1983 (32):155–161PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Kune S, Kune GA, Watson LF: 1987. Case-control study of alcoholic beverages as etiological factors: the Melbourne colorectal cancer study. Nutrition and Cancer 1987 (9):43–56PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Graham S, Dayal H, Swanson M et al: Diet in the epidemiology of cancer of the colon and rectum. JNCI 1978(61):709–714PubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Dales LG, Friedman GD, Ury HK et al: A case-control study of relationships of diet and other traits to colorectal cancer in American blacks. Am J Epidemiol 1979 (109):132–144PubMedGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Bjelke E: Dietary factors and the epidemiology of cancer of the stomach and large bowel. In: Kasper H (ed) Aktuelle Probleme der klinischen Diatetik. Erkrankungen des Verdauungstraktes. Supplement zu Aktuelle Ernahrungsmedizin. Stuttgart: Georg Thieme Verlag, 1978 pp 10–17Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Pollack ES, Nomura MY, Heilbrun LK et al: Prospective study of alcohol consumption and cancer. N Eng J Med 1985 (310):617–621CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Burch CE, Ansari A: Chronic alcoholism and carcinoma of the pancreas; a correlative hypothesis. Arch Intern Med 1968 (122):273–275PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Cubilla AL, Fitzgerald PJ: Pancreas cancer (nonendocrine): a review. Part II. Clin Bull 1978 (8):143– 155PubMedGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    MacMahon B, Yen S, Trichopoubs D et al: Coffee and cancer of the pancreas. N Eng J Med 1981 (304):630–633CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Nicholls P, Edwards G, Kyle E: Alcoholics admitted to four hospitals in England. II General and cause-specific mortality. Quart J Stud Alcohol 1974 (35):841–855PubMedGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Lieber CS, Seitz HK, Garro AJ et al: Alcohol related diseases and carcinogenesis. Cancer Res (39): 2863-2886Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    Brechot C, Nalpas B, Courouce A et al: Evidence that hepatitis B virus has a role in liver cell carcinoma in alcoholic liver disease. N Eng J Med 1982 (306): 1384–1387CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Chevilotte, Durbec G, Gerolami A et al: Interaction between hapatitis B virus and alcohol consumption in liver cirrhosis. Gastroenterology 1983 (85):141– 145Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    Gluud C, Gluud B, Aldershville J et al: Prevalence of hepatitis B virus infection in out-patient alcoholics. Infection 1984 (l2):72–74CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Hislop WS, Follet EAC, Bouchier IAD et al: Serological markers of hepatitis B in patients with alcoholic liver disease: a mufti-centre survey. J Clin Pathol 1981 (34):1017–1019PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    Mills PR, Rennington TH, Kay P et al: Hepatitis B antibody in alcoholic cirrhosis. J Clin Pathol 1979 (32):778–782PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    Orholm M, Aldershvile J, Tagt-Jensen U et al: Prevalence of hepatitis B virus infection among alcoholic patients with liver disease. J Clin Pathol 1981 (34):1378–1380PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    Omata M, Ashcavai M, Liew C et al: Hepatocellular carcinoma in the USA, etiologic considerations. Gastroenterol 1979 (76):280–287Google Scholar
  57. 57.
    Goudeau A, Maupas P, Dubois F et al: Hepatitis B infection in alcoholic liver disease and primary hepatocellular carcinoma in France. Prog Med Virol 1981 (27):26–34PubMedGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    Yarrish RL, Weiner BG, Blumberg BS: Association of hepatitis B virus infection with hepatocellular carcinoma in American patients. Int J Cancer 1980 (26):711–715PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    Graham S: Alcohol and breast cancer. N Eng J Med 1987 (316):1211–1213CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    Adelstein A, White G: Alcoholism and mortality. Population trends. HMSO 1976 (6):7–13Google Scholar
  61. 61.
    Williams RR, Horm JW: Association of cancer sites with tobacco and alcohol consumption and socioeconomic status of patients: interview study from the Third National Cancer Survey. JNCI 1977 (58):525–547PubMedGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    Rosenberg L, Slone D, Shapiro S et al: Breast cancer and alcoholic beverage consumption. Lancet 1982(1):267–271PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. 63.
    Lé MG, Hill C, Kramar A, Flamant R: Alcoholic beverage consumption and breast cancer in a French case-control study. Am J Epidemiol 1984 (120):350–357PubMedGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    Hiatt RA, Bawol RD: Alcoholic beverage consumption and breast cancer incidence. Am J Epidemiol 1984 (120):676–683PubMedGoogle Scholar
  65. 65.
    Willett WC, Stampfer MJ, Colditz GA et al: Moderate alcohol consumption and the risk of breast cancer. N Eng J Med 1987 (316):1174–1180CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. 66.
    Byers T, Funch DP: Alcohol and breast cancer. Lancet 1982(1)799–800PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    Webster LA, Layde P, Wingo PA et al: Alcohol consumption and risk of breast cancer. Lancet 1983 (2):724–726PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. 68.
    Begg CB, Walker AM, Wessen B, Zelen M: Alcohol consumption and breast cancer. Lancet 1983 (1):293–294PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. 69.
    IARC Monographs on the evaluation of the carcinogenic risk of chemicals to humans. Alcohol Drinking. International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon 1988 (in press)Google Scholar
  70. 70.
    IARC Monographs on the evaluation of carcinogenic risk of chemicals to humans. Tobacco Smoking. International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon 1986(38)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • O. M. Jensen
    • 1
  • A. B. Miller
    • 2
  1. 1.Danish Cancer RegistryInstitute of Cancer Epidemiology of the Danish Cancer SocietyCopenhagenDenmark
  2. 2.Department of Preventive Medicine and BiostatisticsUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada

Personalised recommendations