Superradiance: the Approach of Electrodynamics of Continuous Active Media

  • V. V. Zheleznyakov
  • Vl. V. Kocharovsky
  • Vl. V. Kocharovsky
Part of the Research Reports in Physics book series (RESREPORTS)


Collective spontaneous radiation (superradiance) of a limited system of oscillators is described by the methods of electrodynamics of continuous active media. It is shown that this phenomenon, known as the Dicke’s superradiance in quantum electrodynamics of two-level oscillators, results from the dissipative instability of negative-energy waves (modes) in excited medium without noncoherent relaxation of polarization of the oscillators. The phenomenon is due to the energy loss by electromagnetic radiation into the ambient space. It is found that superradiance can occur not only in a system of quantum (two-level) oscillators but also in a system of classical oscillators. Cyclotron superradiance of electron flow in magnetic field under the anomalous Doppler effect is considered. Basic peculiarities of the nonlinear dynamics of the Dicke’s superradiance and cyclotron superradiance are presented.


Active Medium Quantum Electrodynamic Polarization Wave Spontaneous Radiation Dipole Oscillation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    R. H. Dicke. Phys. Rev. 93, 99 (1954).CrossRefMATHADSGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    A. Yariv. Quantum Electronics (Wiley, New York 1975).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    N. Skribanowitz et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 30. 309 (1973).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    M. F. H. Schuurmans, Q. H. F. Vrehen, D. Polder. Superfluorocence. In: Advances in Atomic and Molecular Physics, ed. by D. Bates, B. Bederson. Vol.17 (Academic Press, London 1981), p.167.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    A. V. Andreev, V. I. Emeljanov, Yu. A. Iljinsky. Uspekhi Fizicheskikh Nauk 131, 653 (1980, in Russian).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    L. Moi et al. Phys. REv. A27, 2043 (1983); A27, 2065 (1 983).ADSGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Yu. V. Naboikin, V. V. Samartsev, P. V. Zinoviev, N. B. Silaeva. Coherent Spectroscopy of Molecular Crystals (Naukova Dumka, Kiev 1986, in Russian).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    R. Florian, L. O. Schwan, D. Schmid. Phys. Rev. A29, 2709 (1984).ADSGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    A. V. Andreev, Yu. A. Iljinsky, R. V. Khokhlov. Zhurnal Eksperimentalnyi i Teoreticheskoy Fiziki 73 1296 (1977).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    G. C. Baldvin, M. S. Field. J. Appi. Phys. 59, 3665 (1986).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    N. W. Carlson et al. Opt. Comm. 32, 350 (1980).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    M. Gross, S. Haroche. Phys. Rep. 93, 301 (1982).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    F. Haake et al. Phys. Rev. A20, 2047 (1979); A23, 1322 (1981).ADSGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    S. Prasad, K. J. Glauber. Phys. Rev. A31, 1583 (1985).ADSGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    J. Mostowski, B. Sobolewska. Phys. Rev. A28, 2943 (1983); A30, 1392 (1984).ADSGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    V. I. Rupasov, V. I. Yudson. Zhurnal Eksperimentalnyi i Teoreticheskoy Fiziki 83, 1711 (1982); 86, 813 (1984); 87, 1617 (1984); 88, 1757 (1985) (in Russian).ADSGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    V. M. Fain. Photons and Nonlinear Media (Sovetskoje Radio, Moscow 1972, in Russian).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    V. V. Zheleznyakov, V. V. Kocharovsky. Zhurnal Eksperimentalnyi i Teoreticheskoy Fiziki 82, 1565 (1984, in Russian).ADSGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    V. V. Kocharovsky, VI. Kocharovsky. Opt.Comm. 53, 345 (1985); Preprint No.110, Inst. Appi. Phys., Acad. Sci. USSR (Gorky 1984).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    V. V. Zheleznyakov, V. V. Kocharovsky, Vl. V. Kocharovski. Uspekhi Fizicheskikh Nauk 156, 625 (1988, in Russian).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Yu. L. Klimontovich. Kinetic Theory of Electromagnetic Processes (Nauka, Moscow 1980, in Russian).Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    V. M. Agranovich, V. L. Ginzburg. Crystallooptics with Spatial Dispersion Taken into Account and the Theory of Excitons (Nauka, Moscow 1979, in Russian).Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    B. I. Verkin, A. F. Prikhod’ko (eds.) Cryocrystals (Naukova Dumka, Kiev 1983, in Russian).Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    V. V. Zheleznyakov, V. V. Kocharovsky, Vl. V. Kocharovsky. Preprint No. 126, Inst. Appi. Phys., Acad. Sci. USSR (Gorky 1985).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    L. A. Artsimovich, R. Z. Sagdeev. Plasma Physics for Physicists (Atomizdat, Moscow 1979, in Russian).Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    W. H. Louisell. Coupled Mode and Parametric Electronics (Wiley, New York 1960).Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    M. V. Nezlin. Dynamics of Beams in a Plasma (Energoizdat, Moscow 1982, in Russian).Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    L. A. Ostrovsky, S. A. Rybak, L. Sh. Tsymring. Uspekhi Fizicheskikh Nauk 150, 417 (1986, in Russian).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    V. V. Kocharovsky, Vl. V. Kocharovsky. Izvestiya VUZov - Radiofizika 28, 1099 (1985, in Russian).ADSGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    J. C. McGillivray, M. S. Feld. Phys. Rev. A14, 1169 (1976); A23, 1334 (1981).ADSGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    I. R. Gabitov, V. E. Zakharov, A. V. Mikhailov. Zhurnal Eksperimentalnyi Teoreticheskoy Fiziki 86 1204 (1984, in Russian).ADSGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    O. P. Varnavsky et al. Zhurnal Eksperimentalnyi i Teoreticheskoy Fiziki 86, 1227 (1984, in Russian).ADSGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    V. V. Zheleznyakov, V. V. Kocharovsky, Vl. V. Kocharovsky. Izvestiya VUZov - Radiofizika 29, 1095 (1986, in Russian).ADSGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    V. V. Zheleznyakov, V. V. Kocharovsky, Vl. V. Kocharovsky. The cyclotron superradiance in plasma physics and electronics: A classical analog of Dicke’s superradiance. In: Proceedings Contributed Papers of the 7th Int. Conf. on Plasma Physics, Kiev, USSR, April 6–12, 1987, Vol.4 (Naukova Dumka, Kiev 1987) p.111.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    R. Bonifacio, F. Casagrande. Opt. Comm. 50, 251 (1984); Nucl. Instrum. and Meth. Phys. Res. A36, 239 (1985)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. V. Zheleznyakov
    • 1
  • Vl. V. Kocharovsky
    • 1
  • Vl. V. Kocharovsky
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Applied PhysicsUSSR Academy of SciencesGorkyUSSR

Personalised recommendations