Prolonged Exclusive Breast-Feeding as a Determinant of Infantile Atopy and Infections

  • E. Savilahti
  • V.-M. Tainio
  • L. Salmenperä
Conference paper


Human milk is the best nutrition for the full-term infant during the first months of life. It also has advantages which cannot be compensated by artificial feeding methods, such as the physical closeness of the mother and infant. While the nutritional needs of the infant can be met sufficiently by a well-balanced formula, the non-human proteins in the formula provoke immune reactions in the infant, and formulas lack the protective agents, particularly secretory IgA, of human milk [1]. Several studies [2–8] have suggested that breast-fed infants have less frequent atopic symptoms than those who are weaned early. This has been disputed, however [9, 10], particularly in more recent studies [10–15] and in the present study [16]. In a prospective nutritional study on 198 infants [17] we carefully recorded all signs of atopy and infections and studied the interrelations with feeding regimes.


Breast Milk Otitis Medium Human Milk Breast Feeding Recurrent Otitis Medium 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Savilahti
  • V.-M. Tainio
  • L. Salmenperä

There are no affiliations available

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