Acute Irritant Contact Folliculitis in a Galvanizer

  • K. E. Andersen
  • K. E. Sjølin
  • P. Solgaard
Conference paper


Metal compounds and halogens (e.g., nickel, chromium, mercury, arsenic, iodide, and fluoride) may provoke pustular patch test reactions in man [2, 3]. Such reactions are more common in patients with atopic dermatitis. The pustular reaction pattern is often not reproducible on repetition in the clinical situation [1]. Wahlberg and Maibach [4] developed an animal model (the rabbit) which in a reproducible way could identify contact pustulogens (e.g., sodium lauryl sulfate and mercuric chloride). For some chemicals (e.g., nickel sulfate, potassium iodide, and sodium arsenate) it was necessary to damage the skin to obtain pustules.

We present a case of presumed contact pustular folliculitis in a galvanizer.


Zinc Nickel Mercury Chromium Corticosteroid 


  1. 1.
    Andersen KE, Petri M (1982) Occupational irritant contact folliculitis associated with triphenyl tin fluoride (TPTF) exposure. Contact Dermatitis 8: 173–177.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Becker SW, O’Brian MP (1959) Value of patch tests in dermatology. Arch Dermatol 79: 569–577.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Björnberg A (1968) Skin reactions to primary irritants in patients with hand eczema. O. Isacsons, Göteborg.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Wahlberg JE, Maibach HI (1982) Sterile cutaneous pustules: a manifestation of primary irritancy? Identification of contact pustulogens. J Invest Dermatol 76: 381–383.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. E. Andersen
    • 1
  • K. E. Sjølin
    • 2
  • P. Solgaard
    • 3
  1. 1.Dermatology ClinicRoskildeDenmark
  2. 2.Laboratory of PathologyKastrupDenmark
  3. 3.Risø National LaboratoryRoskildeDenmark

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