Genes of the Photosynthetic Apparatus of Higher Plants—Structure, Expression and Strategies for Their Engineering

  • A. K. Tyagi
  • N. Y. Kelkar
  • S. Kapoor
  • S. C. Maheshwari
Conference paper


Approximately 50 proteins in the form of various multi-subunit supra-molecular complexes are associated with the thylakoid membranes of the chloroplast which carry out various functions of photosynthesis. Gene(s) for these proteins are encoded either in the plastid chromosome or in the nucleus. With the characterisation of the genes for more than 35 polypeptides, it has become clear that the thylakoid membrane is the product of a complex interaction between the nuclear and chloroplast genetic systems. The organisation of chloroplast-encoded genes is complex, involving polycistronic transcription. Expression of both nuclear- and chloroplast-encoded genes is regulated at several steps and light has an important role to play during biogenesis of thylakoids. Nuclear-encoded proteins are produced as precursors on the cytosolic ribosomes with amino-terminus transit-peptides which help in intracellular and intra-organelle targeting of the proteins and get cleaved off during this process. Interesting strategies for manipulation of genes of thylakoid proteins are emerging to study structure/functional relationships in photosynthesis.


Thylakoid Membrane Photosynthetic Apparatus Chloroplast Genome Core Complex Transit Peptide 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Narosa Publishing House 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. K. Tyagi
    • 1
    • 3
  • N. Y. Kelkar
    • 1
    • 2
  • S. Kapoor
    • 1
    • 2
  • S. C. Maheshwari
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Unit for Plant Cell and Molecular BiologyUniversity of DelhiDelhiIndia
  2. 2.Department of BotanyUniversity of DelhiDelhiIndia
  3. 3.Department of Plant Molecular BiologyUniversity of Delhi South CampusNew DelhiIndia

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