Physics of Stationary Plasmas

  • Akira Hasegawa
  • Tetsuya Sato
Part of the Physics and Chemistry in Space book series (SPACE, volume 16)


This chapter is devoted to introducing the elementary physics of stationary plasmas in the space environment. Space plasma is basically tenuous, that is, the mean free path is generally comparable to or longer than the scale length of any inhomogeneity. Furthermore, the scale lengths of the inhomogeneities are often much larger than the characteristic scale length of plasma parameters such as the Debye length or Larmor radius (see Sect. 1.4 for the definitions). Under these circumstances, the motion of individual particles under the assumption of infinitely small Larmor radii (guiding center motion, see Sect. 1.7) is important in deciding how the plasma particles move in the space environment.


Field Line Periodic Motion Moment Equation Space Plasma Vlasov Equation 
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References for Chapter 1

  1. H. Goldstein, Classical Mechanics, Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA., 1950.Google Scholar
  2. A. Hasegawa, Plasma Instabilities and Nonlinear Effects, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, 1975.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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  5. Yu. L. Klimontovich, The Statistical Theory of Non-Equilibrium Processes in a Plasma, MIT Press, Cambridge, MA., 1967.Google Scholar
  6. M. A. Leontovich (Editor), Review of Plasma Physics, vol. 1–6, Consultants Bureau, New York, 1965.Google Scholar
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  9. V. D. Shafranov, Plasma Equilibrium in a Magnetic Field, Rev. of Plasma Physics, Ed. by M. A. Leontovich, Consultants Bureau, New York, 1966.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Bell Telephone Laboratories, Incorporated and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Akira Hasegawa
    • 1
  • Tetsuya Sato
    • 2
  1. 1.AT&T Bell LaboratoriesMurray HillUSA
  2. 2.Institute for Fusion TheoryHiroshima UniversityNakaku, HiroshimaJapan

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