Supernova 1987 A and some Properties of Light, Exotic Particles

  • Georg G. Raffelt
Conference paper


The observation of a neutrino pulse from the supernova SN 1987A constrains the production of light, exotic particles in the proto neutron star. We give an overview over recently derived bounds on axion parameters, the strength of right handed weak currents, Dirac masses of neutrinos, and neutrino magnetic dipole moments. We also mention bounds on the neutrino-majoron coupling.


Right Hand Neutrino Right Hand Exotic Particle Proto Neutron Star Axion Decay Constant 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    K. S. Hirata et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1490 (1987)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 1a.
    and Phys. Rev. D 38, 448 (1988).MathSciNetADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 2.
    R. Bionta et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1494 (1987).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 2a.
    C. B. Bratton et al., Phys. Rev. D 37, 3361 (1988).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 3.
    D. Schramm, Comments Nucl. Part. Phys. 17, 239 (1987) and references therein.Google Scholar
  6. 4.
    The time structure of the neutrino signal has been used to derive an upper limit mve &ltGoogle Scholar
  7. 4a.
    eV at a 95% confidence level, see D. Spergel and J. Bahcall, Phys. Lett. B 200, 366 (1987).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 5.
    J. Ellis and K. Olive, Phys. Lett. B 193, 525 (1987).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 6.
    For a review of the CP problem and axions see J. Kim, Phys. Rep. 150, 1 (1987)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 6a.
    and H.-Y. Cheng, ibid. 158, 1 (1988). See also R. D. Peccei, Report DESY 88-109 (1988).ADSGoogle Scholar
  11. 6b.
    See also R. D. Peccei, Report DESY 88-109 (1988).Google Scholar
  12. 7.
    For general properties of invisible axion models see D. Kaplan, Nucl. Phys. B260, 215 (1985)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 7a.
    and M. Srednicki, ibid. 689.Google Scholar
  14. 8.
    N. Iwamoto, Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 1198 (1984).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 9.
    A. Pantziris and K. Kang, Phys. Rev. D 33, 3509 (1986).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 10.
    R. P. Brinkmann and M. S. Turner, Report, FNAL (1988), to be published.Google Scholar
  17. 11.
    N. Iwamoto, in preparation (1988).Google Scholar
  18. 12.
    R. D. Peccei, private communication (1988).Google Scholar
  19. 13.
    G. Raffelt and D. Seckel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 1793 (1988).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 14.
    M. S. Turner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 1797 (1988).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 15.
    R. Mayle, J. R. Wilson, J. Ellis, K. Olive, D. Schramm, and G. Steigman, Phys. Lett. B 203, 188 (1988).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 16.
    T. Hatsuda and M. Yoshimura, Phys. Lett. B 203, 469 (1988).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 17.
    M. S. Turner, Phys. Rev. D 33, 889 (1986).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 18.
    G. Raffelt and D. Dearborn, Phys. Rev. D 36, 2211 (1987).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 19.
    K. van Bibber, P. McIntyre, D. Morris, and G. Raffelt, subm. to Phys. Rev. D (1988).Google Scholar
  26. 20.
    R. Barbieri and R. N. Mohapatra, Report UMPP 88-205 (1988).Google Scholar
  27. 21.
    K. J. F. Gaemers and R. Gandhi, Report, NIKHEF-H, Amsterdam (1988).Google Scholar
  28. 22.
    J. M. Lattimer and J. Cooperstein, Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 23 (1988).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 23.
    I. Goldman, Y. Aharonov, G. Alexander, and S. Nussinov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 1789 (1988).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 24.
    R. Barbieri and R. N. Mohapatra, Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 27 (1988).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 25.
    D. Nötzold, Report MPI-PAE/PTh 15/88 (1988), Phys. Rev. D, in press.Google Scholar
  32. 26.
    M. Fukugita and S. Yazaki, Phys. Rev. D 36, 3817 (1987ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 26a.
    G. Raffelt, D. Dearborn, and J. Silk, Astrophys. J. (Jan. 1989), in press.Google Scholar
  34. 27.
    M. B. Voloshin, Phys. Lett. B 209, 360 (1988).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 28.
    D. Nötzold and G. Raffelt, Nucl. Phys. B 307, 924 (1988).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 29.
    A. Dar, LAS-Report (1987), unpublished.Google Scholar
  37. 30.
    K. Choi, C. W. Kim, J. Kim, and W. P. Lam, Phys. Rev. D 37, 3225 (1988).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 31.
    J. A. Grifols, E. Massó, and S. Peris, Report UAB-FT-190/88 (1988), to be published.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Georg G. Raffelt
    • 1
  1. 1.Astronomy DepartmentUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA

Personalised recommendations