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Ecotoxicological Effects of Artificial Smokes on a Terrestrial Microcosm

  • T. Knacker
  • A. Marcinkowski
  • H. Schallnass
Part of the Archives of Toxicology book series (TOXICOLOGY, volume 13)

Abstract

Single-Species-Tests do not allow assessment of environmental effects on an entire ecosystem since ecosystems have properties which indicate that the whole system is greater than the sum of its parts. Monitoring the effects of stressors should include the aspects of structure and function, e.g. the composition of the biological community, the quantiy and distribution of abiotic materials, biological energy flow and biogeochemical cycles (Giesy and Odum 1980).

Keywords

Single Leaf Ecotoxicological Effect Soil Biomass Heracleum Sphondylium Abiotic Material 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. Giesy Jr JP, Odum EP (1980) Microcosmology: Introductory comments. In: Microcoms in ecological research, Giesy Jr JP (ed), Technical Information Center, U.S. Department of Energy, 1–13Google Scholar
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  4. Van Voris P, Arthur MF, Tolle DA, Morris JP, Larson M (1983) Use of microcosms for monitoring nutrient-cycling processes in agroecosystems. In: Nutrient cycling in agricultural ecosystems, Lowrance R, Todd R, Asmussen L, Leonard R (eds) Univ of Ga College of Agric Exp Stations, Spec Pub 23: 171–182Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Knacker
    • 1
  • A. Marcinkowski
    • 1
  • H. Schallnass
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. of Toxicology & PharmacologyBattelle Institut e.VFrankfurt/MGermany

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