Metals — Epidemiological and Experimental Evidence for Carcinogenicity
This paper mainly summarizes the epidemilogical evidence regarding the carcinogenicity of some metals. It may therefore be useful to recall the ideal requirements for establishing carcinogenicity from epidemiological evidence. Briefly, the positive association between exposure and cancer should not be explicable by bias in recording or detection, confounding or chance; it should vary appropriately with intensity and duration of exposure and time after exposure begins and ends and it should be observed repeatedly in different circumstances (Doll 1985).
KeywordsNickel Dust Welding Cobalt Cadmium
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