Application of Flame Atom Trapping and Column Preconcentration Techniques to the Measurement of Cadmium in Urine

  • A. Karakaya
  • A. Taylor
Part of the Archives of Toxicology book series (TOXICOLOGY, volume 13)


Measurement of cadmium in urine at concentrations around 1 μg 1-1 is not easy. Atomic absorption using electrothermal atomisation (ETA-AAS) affords the necessary sensitivity but can be subject to interferences and if not set up properly can give erroneous results (Feitsma et al 1984). Flame AAS (FAAS) is generally simpler to carry out and is less susceptible to the effects of urine composition. However, sensitivity is not as good as can be achieved by ETA-AAS.


Flow Injection Analysis Basic Alumina Electrothermal Atomisation Urine Composition Volume Flame 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Karakaya
    • 1
  • A. Taylor
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Toxicology, Faculty of PharmacyAnkara UniversityTandoğan, AnkaraTurkey
  2. 2.Robens Institute of Industrial and Environmental Health and Safety, University of SurreyGuildfordUK

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