The obvious advantages of endosonography give it a large range of potential applications. Vaginosonography and hysterosonography are of particular interest in obstetrics and gynecology, although rectosonography and cystosonography, long practiced routinely in urology (Watanabe et al. 1974, 1977; Holm and Northeved 1974; Gammelgard and Holm 1980), also offer significant advantages in examinations of the female pelvis. Other endosonographic procedures, such as transesophageal sonography of the heart (Strohm et al. 1980; Reifart and Strohm 1982) and transgastric or transduodenal scanning of the pancreas, porta hepatis, gastric wall, and other upper abdominal organs (Lutz and Rosch 1976; Yamanaka et al. 1982), with the possible exception of laparoscopic applications, do not expand the spectrum of ultrasound diagnosis in obstetrics and gynecology.
KeywordsAttenuation Cali Verse Hemorrhoid Prostatic Disease
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Deutinger J, Bernaschek G (1989) The endovaginal debate. J Ultrasound Med 8: 817–818Google Scholar
- Reifart N, Strohm WD (1982) Detection of atrial septum defects by transoesophageal two-dimensional echocardiography with a mechanical sector scanner. In: Hanrath P, Bleifeld W, Sougquet J (Eds) Cardiovascular diagnosis by ultrasound. Transoesophageal, computerized, contrast, Doppler echocardiography. Nijhoff, Boston, pp 247–250Google Scholar
- Yamanaka T, Sakai H, Yoshida Y (1982) Ultrasonic endoscopy for the diagnosis of abdominal lesions. I. Clinical evaluation of an ultrasonic gastroendoscope with electronic linear scanning system (prototype). Gastroenterol Endosc 24: 598Google Scholar