Endosonographic Procedures

  • Gerhard Bernaschek
  • Josef Deutinger
  • Alfred Kratochwil


The obvious advantages of endosonography give it a large range of potential applications. Vaginosonography and hysterosonography are of particular interest in obstetrics and gynecology, although rectosonography and cystosonography, long practiced routinely in urology (Watanabe et al. 1974, 1977; Holm and Northeved 1974; Gammelgard and Holm 1980), also offer significant advantages in examinations of the female pelvis. Other endosonographic procedures, such as transesophageal sonography of the heart (Strohm et al. 1980; Reifart and Strohm 1982) and transgastric or transduodenal scanning of the pancreas, porta hepatis, gastric wall, and other upper abdominal organs (Lutz and Rosch 1976; Yamanaka et al. 1982), with the possible exception of laparoscopic applications, do not expand the spectrum of ultrasound diagnosis in obstetrics and gynecology.


Pelvic Wall Full Bladder Rectal Balloon Sector Scanner Posterior Fornix 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Deutinger J, Bernaschek G (1989) The endovaginal debate. J Ultrasound Med 8: 817–818Google Scholar
  2. Gammelgaard J, Holm H (1980) Transurethral and rectal ultrasonic scanning in urology. J Urol 124: 863PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Holm HH, Northeved A (1974) A transurethral ultrasonic scanner. J Urol 111: 238–241PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Lutz H, Rösch W (1976) Transgastroscopic ultrasonography. Endoscopy 8: 203PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Reifart N, Strohm WD (1982) Detection of atrial septum defects by transoesophageal two-dimensional echocardiography with a mechanical sector scanner. In: Hanrath P, Bleifeld W, Sougquet J (Eds) Cardiovascular diagnosis by ultrasound. Transoesophageal, computerized, contrast, Doppler echocardiography. Nijhoff, Boston, pp 247–250Google Scholar
  6. Strohm WD, Phillip J, Hagenmüller F, Classen M (1980) Ultrasonic tomography by means of an ultrasonic fiberendoscope. Endoscopy 12: 241PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Watanabe H, Igar D, Tanahashi Y (1974) Development and application of new equipment for rectal ultrasonography. J Clin Ultrasound 2: 91–98PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Watanabe H, Saitoh M, Mishina T (1977) Mass screening program for prostatic diseases with rectal ultrasonography. J Urol 117: 746PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Yamanaka T, Sakai H, Yoshida Y (1982) Ultrasonic endoscopy for the diagnosis of abdominal lesions. I. Clinical evaluation of an ultrasonic gastroendoscope with electronic linear scanning system (prototype). Gastroenterol Endosc 24: 598Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gerhard Bernaschek
    • 1
  • Josef Deutinger
    • 1
  • Alfred Kratochwil
    • 2
  1. 1.II. Universitäts-Frauenklinik WienWienAustria
  2. 2.Allgemeines öffentliches Krankenhaus der Kurstadt BadenBadenGemany

Personalised recommendations