Ruling out Multiple Equilibrium Paths in Monetary Optimizing Models: Necessary and Sufficient Conditions

  • Didier Laussel
  • Antoine Soubeyran
Conference paper
Part of the Studies in Contemporary Economics book series (CONTEMPORARY)


The monetary optimizing model, where a representative consumer, facing parametrically a path of money prices, solves an intertemporal infinite horizon problem and where the equilibrium path of prices is defined by the condition that the exogeneous path of money and consumption goods supplies solves this problem, was first introduced by Brock [1974] in an attempt to provide a justification for the saddle path assumption widely used in monetary rational expectations models. Up to now the literature which evolved from Brock’s original contribution (Obstfeld and Rogoff [1983], Gray [1984], Obstfeld and Rogoff [1986], Obstfeld [1984]) is rather confusing. It has, with the exception of Obstfeld [1984], concentrated on the separable utility function -zero monetary growth case. Even in this simple framework the results have been contradictory and incomplete. The debated question has been the possibility of ruling out divergent price paths. Obstfeld and Rogoff [1983] proved that, in opposition to Brock’s [1974] original conjecture, hyperinflationary paths can’t be ruled out on optimality grounds but gave a condition allowing to rule them out on feasibility grounds.


Transversality Condition Equilibrium Path Real Money Representative Consumer Real Balance 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Didier Laussel
    • 1
  • Antoine Soubeyran
    • 1
  1. 1.CEFI Château La FargeUniversité d’Aix - Marseille IIFrance

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