Ruling out Multiple Equilibrium Paths in Monetary Optimizing Models: Necessary and Sufficient Conditions
The monetary optimizing model, where a representative consumer, facing parametrically a path of money prices, solves an intertemporal infinite horizon problem and where the equilibrium path of prices is defined by the condition that the exogeneous path of money and consumption goods supplies solves this problem, was first introduced by Brock  in an attempt to provide a justification for the saddle path assumption widely used in monetary rational expectations models. Up to now the literature which evolved from Brock’s original contribution (Obstfeld and Rogoff , Gray , Obstfeld and Rogoff , Obstfeld ) is rather confusing. It has, with the exception of Obstfeld , concentrated on the separable utility function -zero monetary growth case. Even in this simple framework the results have been contradictory and incomplete. The debated question has been the possibility of ruling out divergent price paths. Obstfeld and Rogoff  proved that, in opposition to Brock’s  original conjecture, hyperinflationary paths can’t be ruled out on optimality grounds but gave a condition allowing to rule them out on feasibility grounds.
KeywordsTransversality Condition Equilibrium Path Real Money Representative Consumer Real Balance
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