Utterance Generation Without Choice
In this paper we discuss a parallel processing model for the generation of linguistic surface structures from a conceptual representation of the utterance content. We focus in partic- ular on the verb selection task and its integration into a system for sentence production and introduce the notion of uttering pressure to control the moment of verbalization. The resulting model allows for different surface realizations of a single proposition without requiring an explicit choice among the alternatives. The system architecture presented consists of several independent spreading activation networks that communicate via a global blackboard. This setup combines the advantages of a classical modular system with the processing characteristics of the connectionist paradigm.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Andrè, E., Rist, T., and Herzog, G. (1987). Generierung natürlichsprachlicher Äußerungen zur simultanen Beschreibung von zeitveränderlichen Szenen. In Morik, K., editor, GWAI-87, 11th German Workshop on Artificial Intelligence, Informatik - Fachberichte 152, pages 330–338. Berlin:SpringerGoogle Scholar
- Chomsky, N. (1981). Lectures on Government and Binding, The Pisa Lectures. Studies in Generative Grammar 9. Dordrecht: Foris PublicationsGoogle Scholar
- Fillmore, C. J. (1968). The case for case. In Bach, E. and Harms, R., editors, Universals in Linguistic Theory. New YorkGoogle Scholar
- Hovy, E. H. (1987). Pragmatics and natural language generation, unpublished manuscript, Information Sciences Institute of the University of Southern CaliforniaGoogle Scholar
- Jackendoff, R. (1987). The status of thematic relations in linguistic theory. Linguistic Inquiry, 18:369–411Google Scholar
- Jacobs, P. S. (1985). A knowledge-based approach to language production. Technical Report UCB/CSD 86/254, Computer Science Division (EECS), University of California BerkeleyGoogle Scholar
- McClelland, J. L. (1987). The case for interactionism in language processing. Technical Report ONR-87-1, Department of Psychology, Carnegie-Mellon UniversityGoogle Scholar
- Nii, H. P. (1986). Blackboard systems. Technical Report STAN-CS-86-1123, Department of Computer Science, Stanford UniversityGoogle Scholar
- Osgood, C. E. (1971). Where do sentences come from? In Steinberg, D. D. and Jakobovits, L. A., editors, Semantics, An Interdisciplinary Reader in Philosophy, Linguistics and Psychology, pages 497–529. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University PressGoogle Scholar
- Rumelhart, D. E., Hinton, G. E., and McClelland, J. L. (1986). A general framework for parallel distributed processing. In Rumelhart, D. E., McClelland, J. L., and the PDP Research Group, editors, Parallel Distributed Processing, Explorations in the Microstructure of Cognition: Foundations, volume 1, pages 45–76. Cambridge, MA: MIT PressGoogle Scholar
- Tanenhaus, M. K., Burgess, C., D’Zmura, S. H., and Carlson, G. (1987). Thematic roles in language processing. In The Ninth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, pages 587–596. Seattle, WAGoogle Scholar