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Secondary Plant Substances

Nonsteroidal Triterpenoids
  • Horst-Robert Schütte
Part of the Progress in Botany/Fortschritte der Botanik book series (BOTANY, volume 50)

Abstract

Triterpenoids are a group of natural products containing a carbon skeleton of 30 carbon atoms based on 6 isoprene units or biosynthetically derived from such C30 compounds by degradation. Therefore, also the steroids and their precursors belong to the triterpenoids, but traditionally they are considered as a special group. Recent results on the biochemistry of steroids were discussed last year (Progr Bot 49:117 ff). Nonsteroidal triterpenoids are mainly restricted to the plant kingdom, but are ubiquitous amongst the flowering plants (Basu and Rastogi 1967; Kulshreshtha et al. 1972; Brüning and Wagner 1978; Chandler and Hooper 1979; Pant and Rastogi 1979; Das and Mahato 1983; Tanaka and Kasai 1984; Boar 1984; Baas 1985; Conolly and Hill 1986). The majority of natural triterpenes are pentacyclic compounds. Most of them are alcohols (3-OH). They are found free and as glycosides or esters. Free triterpenes are often components of resins or latex. There are some discussions on a role of pentacyclic 3 β-hydroxy-triterpenes in membrane systems (Nes and Heftmann 1981).

Keywords

Ursolic Acid Oleanolic Acid Fusidic Acid Navel Orange Citrus Juice 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Horst-Robert Schütte
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Biochemie der Planzen des Forschungsbereiches Biowissenschaften und MedizinAkademie der Wissenschaften der DDRHalle (Saale)GDR

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