Continuous Monitoring of Middle Cerebral Arterial Blood Velocity and Cerebral Perfusion Pressure
Intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring has been used clinically for over 30 years, providing an understanding of the ICP dynamics in clinical situations. With the addition of systemic artery blood pressure (BP) recordings, continuous monitoring of the cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP), which is estimated by subtracting the ICP from the BP, is now a standard method in the management of critically ill neurosurgical patients. In the individual patient, CPP monitoring yields prognostic information and may be helpful when evaluating different treatment modalities.
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