The Role of Theoretical Research in the Design of Programmes for the Control of Infectious Disease Agents
The work which forms the subject of this paper directly addresses serious, medical problems for which there is a urgent need for solutions. The purpose of modelling the population dynamics of infectious disease agents is to gain greater conceptual understanding of their population dynamics. This knowledge can then be used to design control programmes with the associated alleviation of suffering and economic benefits. The greatest progress in development of control programme design has been achieved by proposing solutions to problems and monitoring their effects when implemented. As is generally the case in ecology, we can learn most about the processes operating by monitoring a population or ecosystem during a deliberate or accidental perturbation. Thus models have two roles in epidemiology: firstly to mimic population dynamics, and secondly to interact with observational and experimental data. It is the impact that theoretical ecology has on the collection and analysis of data that we wish to emphasise here.
KeywordsHuman Immunodeficiency Virus Acquire Immune Deficiency Syndrome Acquire Immunodeficiency Syndrome Parasite Population Worm Burden
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