The Neuronal Basis of Salt Sensitivity

  • S. Oparil
  • Y.-F. Chen
  • R.-H. Yang
  • H. Jin
  • Q. C. Meng
  • E. J. Cragoe
  • J. M. Wyss


In genetically predisposed individuals, dietary salt loading causes the development or exacerbation of hypertension and increases sympathetic nervous system activity (OPARIL 1984). Approximately 50% of patients with essential hypertension are salt sensitive, i.e., they manifest a significant (>10%) increase in blood pressure in response to a high salt diet (Kawaskai et al. 1978; Fujita et al. 1980). Patients with salt sensitive essential hypertension have been shown to have inappropriately high plasma norepinephrine levels in relation to their urinary sodium excretion during periods of high salt intake (Campese et al. 1982). Thus, salt sensitive hypertensives fail to suppress plasma norepinephrine appropriately following ingestion of a highsalt diet. Further, they display significantly greater increments in plasma norepinephrine during upright posture than salt resistant hypertensives or normotensive control subjects (Campese et al. 1982).


Sympathetic Nervous System Activity Salt Sensitivity High Salt Diet Anterior Hypothalamus Salt Sensitive Hypertension 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Oparil
  • Y.-F. Chen
  • R.-H. Yang
  • H. Jin
  • Q. C. Meng
  • E. J. Cragoe
  • J. M. Wyss

There are no affiliations available

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