Electrolyte Intake and Hypertension in Children
Data is accumulating which suggests that the roots of primary hypertension may be found in childhood (Hofman et al. 1987). This notion provides a rationale for directing attention to the part played by electrolyte intake in the elevation of blood pressure, even at a young age. First, it may be that the mechanisms that relate various electrolytes to blood pressure regulation are different at different stages of the development of high blood pressure. This could imply that etiologically important relationships may only be observed at a relatively young age. Second, since blood pressure in childhood and adolescence is related to blood pressure later in life, attempts to lower blood pressure levels or to prevent the development of hypertension should start as early as possible. Manipulating dietary electrolyte intake could, if proven to be effective, provide a useful means of intervention in this age group.
KeywordsElevated Blood Pressure Blood Pressure Level Sodium Intake Potassium Intake Urinary Sodium Excretion
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