The Role of Dopamine in the Control of Neurobiological Functions

  • P. Riederer
  • E. Sofic
  • C. Konradi
  • J. Kornhuber
  • H. Beckmann
  • M. Dietl
  • G. Moll
  • G. Hebenstreit
Part of the Basic and Clinical Aspects of Neuroscience book series (BASIC, volume 3)


It is only 30 years since dopamine (DA) was first measured in human brain tissue by Sano [98] (Fig.1). One year later Ehringer and Hornykiewicz [34] demonstrated a striatal DA deficiency in Parkinson’s disease, and 1 year after that it was shown that the symptoms of the disease could be reversed by L-DOPA, the precursor amino acid of DA [5, 7]. Both the experimental and the clinical findings confirmed earlier studies by Carlsson and his coworkers [16] which had led them to conclude that a deficiency of DA might be an essential factor underlying extrapyramidal disorders in general, and Parkinson’s disease in particular. Since that time a wealth of biochemical and pharmacological evidence has favoured the assumption that the nigrostriatal DA system shows a plasticity of adaptational processes unique among the various neurotransmitter systems [41]. Parkinson’s disease is an excellent model for the demonstration of this complex regulating activity of DA neurons arising mainly in the substantia nigra pars compacta.


Tyrosine Hydroxylase Ventral Tegmental Area Tardive Dyskinesia Mammalian Spinal Cord Spiperone Binding 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Riederer
    • 1
  • E. Sofic
    • 1
  • C. Konradi
    • 1
  • J. Kornhuber
    • 1
  • H. Beckmann
    • 1
  • M. Dietl
    • 2
  • G. Moll
    • 1
  • G. Hebenstreit
    • 3
  1. 1.Clinical Neurochemistry, Department of PsychiatryUniversity of WürzburgFederal Republic of Germany
  2. 2.College de France, Groupe NBParisFrance
  3. 3.Landesnervenklinik MauerAmstettenAustria

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