The Application of the Second Law Technique for the Prediction of Trends in the Development of a Factory of the Future

  • E. S. Geskin
Conference paper


This paper is concerned with the development of a formal technique for the prediction of technology development. The production, shaping and treatment of steel is discussed in order to demonstrate the use of prediction technique.

Exergy function is employed for the estimation of the cost of the manufacture of metal products. The schematic exergy balances for producing, refining and solidifying of liquid steel are constructed. The conditions to minimize exergy consumption during steelmaking are considered and ways to improve energy use are defined. Analysis of novel processes demonstrates that exergy balance enables trend prediction in metallurgical technology development. The paper demonstrates the application of exergy analysis for technology design. As an example, the energy effective process for the conversion of iron ore into a commercial steel product is suggested.


Fine Concentrate Molten Steel Exergy Analysis Liquid Bath Exergy Loss 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. S. Geskin
    • 1
  1. 1.Mechanical Engineering DepartmentNew Jersey Institute of TechnologyNewarkUSA

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