The majority of industrial chemical products are produced with the aid of catalysis. Despite the development of novel means of activation (radiochemistry, plasma chemistry, laser chemistry, etc.), the importance of catalysis in its industrial applications steadily grows on not only an absolute production scale, but in comparison with alternative techniques as well. According to some estimates, in monetary terms industrial catalysis products are worth 18% of the world’s total industrial output, second only to the machine-building industry.
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