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Pattern Selection in the Bénard-Marangoni Instability

  • C. Perez-Garcia
  • P. Cerisier
  • R. Occelli
Part of the Springer Series in Synergetics book series (SSSYN, volume 41)

Abstract

A very regular pattern of hexagonal cells may develop as a consequence of a convective instability. BENARD |1| at the beginning of this century observed what are now known as Bénard cells in shallow layers of spermaceti heated from below. Later on, PEARSON |2| proved theoretically that surface tension variations with temperature on a surface in contact with the atmosphere provide a sufficient instability mechanism to sustain convective motions. Usually, under gravity, this mechanism does not act alone: buoyancy forces due to an adverse density gradient provide a second instability mechanism in Bénard-Marangoni (B-M) convection.

Keywords

Rayleigh Number Stability Diagram Instability Mechanism Convective Motion Marangoni Number 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Perez-Garcia
    • 1
  • P. Cerisier
    • 2
  • R. Occelli
    • 2
  1. 1.Departament de FísicaUniversidad Autónoma de BarcelonaBellaterra (Barcelona)Spain
  2. 2.Système EnergétiquesUniversité de ProvenceMarseille, Cedex 13France

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