Endoscopic Ultrasonography of Bile Duct Malignancy and the Preoperative Assessment of Local Resectability

  • Thian Lok Tio


Conventional ultrasonography is accurate in detecting dilatation of the biliary tree and in localizing the site of proximal ductular abnormality [1–4]. Lesions of the distal common bile duct cannot be adequately visualized by conventional ultrasonography because of interfering bowel gas and/or obesity. Moreover, delineation of the extent of the primary bile duct lesion may be difficult.


Bile Duct Common Bile Duct Hepatic Duct Local Resectability Palliative Resectability 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thian Lok Tio
    • 1
  1. 1.Div. of Gastroenterology — HepatologyAcad. Med. Centre University of AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands

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