In Sect. 3.1.2 each paper relevant to the use of CO and SCN as an objective marker of smoking status is considered approximately chronologically, with a paragraph or two describing the study and giving the key results. Table 3 summarises the data from each study, giving the percentage of self-reported non-smokers considered to be true smokers, together with relevant factors of the study, in particular whether it concerned adults or children and whether the subjects were or were not specifically advised to give up smoking.


Smoking Habit Cotinine Level Urinary Cotinine Occasional Smoker Research Questionnaire 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter N. Lee
    • 1
  1. 1.Sutton, SurreyUK

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