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Coagulation as the First Step in Wastewater Treatment

  • H. Ødegaard

Abstract

In this paper contamination in municipal wastewater is characterized in terms of particle size, and the fate of particles in biological treatment is discussed. Based on this, it is concluded that coagulation, used as the first step in wastewater treatment, is rational. To demonstrate what is achievable by coagulation of raw wastewater, treatment results from over 100 Norwegian chemical treatment plants are presented.

Keywords

Wastewater Treatment Activate Sludge Biological Treatment Municipal Wastewater Particle Separation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Ødegaard
    • 1
  1. 1.The Norwegian Institute of TechnologyTrondheim-NTHNorway

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