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Source Apportionment of Heavy Metals in Air Particulate Matter Using Automated Electron Probe Micro Analysis

  • W. Van Borm
  • F. Adams
Conference paper

Abstract

Source apportionment of air particulate matter, using receptor models recommended by the Environmental Protection Agency, USA, are not well adapted for situations with a complex source composition because of the inherent inability to resolve chemically equivalent sources. Alternatively, methods allowing the analysis of single particles such as electron probe micro analysis (EPMA) provide direct information on chemical composition and morphology for each individual particle and thus, in the most optimal situations for each individual source. It has therefore been suggested to use these methods to provide information in addition to that obtained in the analysis of bulk samples1.

Keywords

Suspended Particulate Matter Source Apportionment Soil Dust Zinc Smelter Coarse Mode Particle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. 1.
    Gordon G.E., Pierson W.E., Daisey J.M., Lioy P.J., Cooper J.A., Watson J.G.Jr., Cass G.R. (1984), Considerations for design of source apportionment studies. Atmospheric Environment, 18:1567–1582.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Demuynck M., Verstraeten J. (1985), Areawide distribution of atmospheric heavy metal deposition in Northwest-Lim- burg. “Proceedings SCOPE-symposium: Belgian research on metal cycling in the environment.”, Brussels, p.47–57.Google Scholar
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    Raeymaekers B. (1986), Ph.D-Thesis, University of Antwerp (UIA), Belgium.Google Scholar
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    Raeymaekers B., Van Espen P., Adams F. (1987), A fast standardless ZAF correction for electron probe micro analysis. Anal.Chem., in press.Google Scholar
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    Van Borm W., Adams F. (1987), Cluster analysis of elec tron microprobe data of individual particles for source apportionment of air particulate matter. Environ. Sci. Technol., submitted.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. Van Borm
    • 1
  • F. Adams
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryUniversity of Antwerp (UIA)WilrijkBelgium

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