Changes of Biochemical Parameterts Following Short-Term Exposure to Aircraft-Noise

  • E. Marth
  • E. Gallasch
  • G. F. Fueger
  • J. R. Möse
Conference paper

Abstract

Examination of the physiology of human sound processing showed that the impulses triggered by sound stimuli reach the auricular cortex via auditory nerve. At the same time, sound stimuli branch off and reach the reticular formation. Reticular formation, hypothalamus and pituitary are in close relationship with each other and together adjust and coordinate the autonomic nervous and endocrine systems(6). The effect of different stressors on adjustment and coordination is determined by different parameters. The most important factors are briefly mentioned here:
  1. 1.

    Release of adrenocorticotropic hormone(ACTH) and Cortisol, as well as catecholamines (2);

     
  2. 2.

    Change in the heart rate, blood pressure and respiratory rate as direct consequence of an increase in catecholamines;

     
  3. 3.

    Reduction of blood supply to the skin and consequent lowering of skin temperature;

     
  4. 4.

    Increase of metabolism characterized by an increased demand for energy (1).

     

Keywords

Cholesterol Sugar Cortisol Catecholamine Triglyceride 

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References

  1. (1).
    Jansen, G.(1961) Effects of noise on the vegetative nervous system of man, Ger.Med.Mon., 12–13.Google Scholar
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    Krypter, K.D.(1970) The effects of noise on man, Academ.Press New York, London.Google Scholar
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    Marth, E., E.Gallasch, F.G.Fueger and J.R.Möse(1987)Fluglärm: Veränderung biochemischer Parameter, Zbl.Bakt.Hyg., I.Abt.Orig.B in pressGoogle Scholar
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    Martin, J.B. and S. Reichlin(1977) Clinical Neuroendocrinology, ed. Davis, F.A., PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
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    Orth, D.N. and W.E. Nicholson(1973) Biological and immunologic characterization and physical separation of ACTH and ACTH-fragments in the ectopic ACTH-syndrome, J.Clin.Invest., 52, 1756PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Scheidt, R., R. Bartsch, and Chr.Brückner(1986) Die extraaurale Wirkung von Lärm- Eine Literaturübersicht, Lärmbekämpf. 33, 151–159Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Marth
    • 1
  • E. Gallasch
    • 2
  • G. F. Fueger
    • 3
  • J. R. Möse
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of HygieneGrazAustria
  2. 2.Institute of PhysiologyGrazAustria
  3. 3.Dep.of Nucl.Medicine of the University of GrazGrazAustria

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