Appendix

  • Bruce Pomeranz
  • Gabriel Stux

Abstract

The papers reviewed below indicate that AA is very effective in treating chronic pain, helping 55%–85% of patients (compared to morphine which helps 70%). Secondly, these papers show that AA is better than placebo which helps only 30% of patients. These statements are based on evidence collected in four classes of studies (see recent reviews [15, 22, 25]).

Keywords

Placebo Migraine Morphine Osteoarthritis Neurol 

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References

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    Sung YF, Kutner MH et al (1977) Comparison of the effects of acupuncture and codeine on postoperative dental pain. Anesth Analg 56: 473–478PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Yue SJ (1978) Acupuncture for chronic back and neck pain. Acupunct Electrother Res Int J 3: 323–324Google Scholar
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    Yuen RWM, Vaughan RJ et al (1976) The response to acupuncture therapy in patients with chronic disabling pain. Med J Aust 1: 862–865PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bruce Pomeranz
    • 1
  • Gabriel Stux
    • 2
  1. 1.Dept. of Physiology (Faculty of Medicine), Dept. of Zoology (Faculty of Arts and Science)University of TorontoTorontoCanada
  2. 2.Acupuncture CentrumDüsseldorfFederal Republic of Germany

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