Advertisement

Gardenia jasminoides Ellis

  • Weici Tang
  • Gerhard Eisenbrand

Abstract

Zhizi, Fructus Gardeniae, is the dry ripe fruits of Gardenia jasminoides Ellis (Rubiaceae) collected in September to November when the fruits have become ripe. It is officially listed in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia and is used in traditional Chinese medicine as an antiphlogistic, diuretic, laxative, choleretic, and hemostatic in the treatment of traumatosis by external application.

Keywords

Oleanolic Acid Bile Secretion Quinic Acid Iridoid Glycoside Black Pigmentation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Inouye H, Saito S, Taguchi H, Endo T (1969) Zwei neue Iridoidglucoside aus Gardenia jasminoides: Gardenosid and Geniposid. Tetrahedron Lett 2347–2350Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Inouye H, Saito S, Shingu T (1970) Ein weiteres neues Iridoidglucosid aus Gardenia jasminoides. Shanzhisid. Tetrahedron Lett 3581–3584Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Endo T, Taguchi H (1970) New iridoid glycoside from Gardenia jasminoides: genipin l-β-gentio-bioside. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) 18:1066–1067Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Endo T, Taguchi A (1973) Constituents of Gardenia jasminoides geniposide and genipin gentio-bioside. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) 21:2684–2688Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Inouye H, Takeda Y, Nishimura H (1974) Monoterpene glucosides and related natural products. XXVI. Two new iridoid glucosides from Gardenia jasminoides fruits. Phytochemistry 13:2219–2224CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Tsumura Juntendo Co. Ltd (1981) Choleretic geniposidic acid aglycone. Jpn Kokai Tokkyo Koho 81, 92, 211 (CA 95:209643 t)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Inouye H, Takeda Y, Saito S, Nishimura H, Sakuragi R (1974) Monoterpene glucosides and related natural products. XXV. Iridoid glucosides of Gardenia jasminoides grandiflora. I. Yaku-gaku Zasshi 94:577–586Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Takeda Y, Nishimura H, Kadota O, Inouye H (1976) Studies on monoterpene glucosides and related natural products. XXXIV. Two further new glucosides from the fruits of Gardenia jasminoides Ellis forma grandiflora (Lour.) Makino. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) 24:2644–2646Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kamikura M, Nakazato K (1985) Studies on the quality of natural coloring matters. II. Natural yellow colors extracted from gardenia fruit (Gardenia jasminoides Ellis) and colors found in commercial gardenia fruit extract color. Analysis of natural yellow colors by high performance liquid chromatography. Shokuhin Eiseigaku Zasshi 26:150–159 (CA 103:177142u)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Nishizawa M, Fujimoto Y (1986) Isolation and structural elucidation of a new lipoxygenase inhibitor from gardeniae fructus. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) 34:1419–1421Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Nishizawa M, Izuhara R, Kaneko K, Fujimoto Y (1987) 3-Caffeoyl-4-sinapoylquinic acid, a novel lipoxygenase inhibitor from Gardenia fructus. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) 35:2133–2135Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Ohashi H, Tsurushima T, Ueno T, Fukami H (1986) Cerbinal, a pseudoazulene iridoid, as a potent anti-fungal compound isolated from Gardenia jasminoides Ellis. Agric Biol Chem 50:2655–2657CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Xu RS, Qin GW, Zhu DY, Fan ZY, Jiang FX, Zhang BX, Wang JC, Wang YL (1987) Chemical constituents of the antifertility plant Gardenia jasminoides Ellis. I. Structure of gardenoic acid B, an early pregnancy terminating component. Acta Chim Sin 45:301–304Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Wang XF, Chen JY, Zhang GL (1986) Studies on the chemical constituents from the stems and roots of Gardenia jasminoides. Bull Chin Mat Med 11:620–621Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Ishiguro K, Yamaki M, Takagi S (1983) Studies on iridoid-related compounds. II. The structure and antimicrobial activity of aglucones of galioside and gardenoside. J Nat Prod 46:532–536PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Umetani YX, Fukui H, Tabata M (1980) Changes in the crocin and geniposide contents in the developing fruits of Gardenia jasminoides forma grandiflora. Yakugaku Zasshi 100:920–924PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Wang DJ (1979) Studies on the constituents of the essential oils of four aromatic flowers. Ko Hsueh Fa Chan Yueh Kan 7:1036–1048 (CA 92:124929d)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Chang HM, Cheng YY, Chan YS, Choang KF (1985) Active component from a Chinese composite prescription for the treatment of liver diseases. In: Chang HM, Yeung HW, Tso WW, Koo A (eds) Advances in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. World Scientific, Singapore, pp 221–237Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Kong YC, Che CT, Yip TT, Chang HM (1977) Effect of fructus Gardeniae extract on hepatic function. Comp Med East West 5:241–255 (CA 92:157854d)PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Miwa T (1954) Gardenia florida as a remedy for icterus. IV. Action of active principle and extract of fructus gardeniae on bile secretion of rabbits, blood bilirubin and peripheral lymph bilirubin of common bile-duct ligated rabbits. Jpn J Pharmacol 4:69–81PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Lin JK, Wang CJ (1986) Reversible hepatic toxic effect of crocin dyes in rats. Saengyak Hakhoechi 16:227–232 (CA 105:41394m)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Weici Tang
    • 1
  • Gerhard Eisenbrand
    • 1
  1. 1.Lebensmittelchemie und UmwelttoxikologieUniversität KaiserslauternKaiserslauternGermany

Personalised recommendations