Caesalpinia sappan L

  • Weici Tang
  • Gerhard Eisenbrand


Sumu, Lignum Sappan, is the dry heartwood of Caesalpinia sappan L. (Fabaceae). It is listed officially in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia and used in traditional Chinese medicine as an analgesic and antiinflammatory agent in treatmefit of traumatic diseases and menstrual disorders.


Aldose Reductase Menstrual Disorder Chinese Pharmacopoeia Aldose Reductase Activity Significant Antiinflammatory Activity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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    Nagai M, Nagumo S, Eguchi I, Lee SM, Suzuki T (1984) Sappanchaleone from Caesalpinia sappan L., the proposed biosynthetic precursor of brazilin. Yakugaku Zasshi 104:935–938PubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Saitoh T, Sakashita S, Nakata H, Shimokawa T, Kinjo J, Yamahara J, Yamasaki M, Nohara T (1986) 3-Benzylchroman derivatives related to brazilin from Sappan lignum. Chem Pharm Bull 34:2506–2511Google Scholar
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    Heller W, Tamm C (1981) Homoisoflavanones and biogenetically related compounds. In: Herz W, Grisebach H, Kirby GW (eds) Progress in the Chemistry of Organic Natural Products, Vol 40. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 105–152Google Scholar
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    Fuke C, Yamahara J, Shimokawa T, Kinjo J, Tomimatsu T, Nahara T (1985) Two aromatic compounds related to brazilin from Caesalpinia sappan. Phytochemistry 24:2403–2405CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Shimokawa T, Kinjo J, Yamahara J, Yamasaki M, Nohara T (1985) Two novel aromatic compounds from Caesalpinia sappan. Chem Pharm Bull 33:3545–3547Google Scholar
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    Nagai M, Nagumo S, Lee SM, Eguchi I, Kawai KI (1986) Protosappanin A, a novel biphenyl compound from sappan lignum. Chem Pharm Bull 34:1–6Google Scholar
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    Nagai M, Nagumo S (1986) Protosappanin B, a new dibenzoxocin derivative from sappan lignum. Heterocycles 24:601–605CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Hikino H, Taguchi T, Fujimura H, Hiramatsu Y (1977) The validity of oriental medicine. III. Antiinflammatory principles of Caesalpinia sappan wood and of Haematoxylon campechianum wood. Planta Med 31:214–220PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Moon CK, Yun YP, Lee JH, Wagner H, Shin YS (1985) Inhibition of lens-aldose reductase activity by brazilin and haematoxylin. Planta Med 51:66–67PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Weici Tang
    • 1
  • Gerhard Eisenbrand
    • 1
  1. 1.Lebensmittelchemie und UmwelttoxikologieUniversität KaiserslauternKaiserslauternGermany

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