Input from the Atmosphere

  • R. M. van Aalst

Abstract

Atmospheric inputs into oceans, seas and lakes have been studied extensively in the last decades (NSF 1976; NAS 1978; GESAMP 1980). Special studies have been devoted to the American Great Lakes (Eisenreich 1981), the Baltic Sea (Rohde et al. 1980) and the North Sea (Goldberg 1973; ICES 1978; Cambray et al. 1979; RSU 1980; Norton 1982; van Aalst et al. 1983a; PARCOM 1986). Although estimates of atmospheric inputs into the North Sea are still highly uncertain, it is apparent from these studies that the atmospheric inputs are in the same order of magnitude as inputs by rivers, dumpings and discharges.

Keywords

Biomass Zinc Europe Cadmium Hydrocarbon 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. M. van Aalst
    • 1
  1. 1.National Institute of Public Health and Environmental ProtectionBilthovenThe Netherlands

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