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Changes in Femoral Head Blood Flow Associated with Exposure to Compressed Air

  • T. R. C. Davis
  • J. Pooley
Conference paper

Abstract

Although it is recognised that caisson disease of bone is a type of avascular necrosis of bone, the mechanism of bone infarction is not known with certainty. Furthermore, there has been little agreement between the various investigators who have studied the effect of exposure to compressed air on bone blood flow. Reductions in femoral head blood flow following decompression from a hyperbaric environment have been demonstrated in the dog (Bove et al. 1977) and minipig (Thomas 1983). However, in the rabbit there is evidence to suggest that prolonged exposure to compressed air causes a reduction in the blood flow of bone marrow (Pooley and Walder 1979; Thomas 1983). This research study has further investigated the effect of exposure to compressed air on the bone blood flow of the rabbit.

Keywords

Caisson Disease Regional Blood Flow Myositis Ossificans Cortical Blood Flow Bone Infarction 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. Bove AA, Famiano FC, Levin LL, Carey RA, Pierce AL, Lynch PR (1977) Alterations in long bone regional blood flow associated with inadequate decompression in dogs. Undersea Biomed Res 4:169–182PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Hierton C (1983) Regional blood flow in experimental myositis ossificans. Acta Orthop Scand 54:58–63PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Pooley J, Walder DN (1979) Studies of bone marrow blood flow in rabbits during simulated dives. In: Grimstad J (ed) Proceedings of the European Underwater Biomedical Society; 5th annual scientific meeting, Bergen, Norway, pp 189–202Google Scholar
  4. Thomas IH (1983) Caisson disease of bone: the seed and the soil. J R Coll Surg Edinb 28:347–360PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. R. C. Davis
  • J. Pooley

There are no affiliations available

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