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Somatic Hybridization in Rice x Soybean

  • M. Niizeki
Part of the Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry book series (AGRICULTURE, volume 8)

Abstract

Rice, Oryza sativa L., is the world’s most important cereal food crop in terms of caloric intake. It contains about 72% glucoside and 10% protein (Standard Tables of Food Composition, Agency of Science and Technology, Japan 1986). In terms of total world grain production it is exceeded only by wheat. Rice is a warm area crop and is grown most extensively in the humid tropical and subtropical regions of the world. In temperate climates, and at high elevations, rice is grown as a summer crop. About 90% of the worlD’s rice is grown in the People’s Republic of China, India, Japan, Korea and southeastern Asia, outside of Asia, less than 10% is produced in the USA, Brazil, Africa and southern Europe (EAO 1985). Soybean, Glycine max (L.) Merr., is the worlD’s most important crop as a source of plant protein and oil. It contains about 35% protein, 19% lipid and 24% of glucoside (Standard Tables of Food Composition, Agency of Science and Technology, Japan 1986). The USA now accounts for about 48% of the world production of soybeans. China and Brazil account for another 33% of the worlD’s total production. The remaining production is scattered among various countries in Asia and South America (FAO 1985).

Keywords

Chloroplast Genome Somatic Hybrid Protoplast Culture Streptomycin Resistance Rice Protoplast 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Niizeki
    • 1
  1. 1.Plant Breeding Laboratory, Faculty of AgricultureHirosaki UniversityHirosaki Aomori-ken 036Japan

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