Epidemiology of Depression, Alcohol, and Drug Abuse

  • Tómas Helgason
Conference paper


Epidemiology is concerned with the study of the occurrence, course, and causes of health disorders in various populations. It is concerned both with absolute rates and comparative rates. These are expressed as prevalence, incidence, or disease expectancy (“Krankheitserwartung”). Prevalence and incidence are of administrative interest, while incidence and expectancy are of interest in comparing different populations at different periods of time.


Alcohol Abuse Affective Disorder Heavy Drinking Antidepressant Drug Involuntary Admission 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Helgason T (to be published) Data protection and problems of confidentiality. The European experience. In: ten Horn GHMM, Giel R, Gulbinat W, Henderson JH (eds) Psychiatric case registers. Elsevier Science, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Robins LN, Helzer JE, Weissman MM, Orvaschel H, Gruenberg E, Burke JD jr, Regier DA (1984) Lifetime prevalence of specific psychiatric disorders in three sites. Arch Gen Psychiatry 41:949–958PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Myers JK, Weissman MM, Tischler GL, Holzer CE III, Leaf PJ, Orvaschel H, Anthony JC, Boyd JH, Burke JD jr, Kramer M, Stoltzman R (1984) Six-month prevalence of psychiatric disorders in three communities: 1980–1982. Arch Gen Psychiatry 41:959–967PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Robins LN, Helzer JE, Croughan J, Ratcliff KS (1981) National Institute of Mental Health Diagnostic Interview Schedule: its history, characteristics and validity. Arch Gen Psychiatry 38:381–389PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    American Psychiatric Association (1980) DSM III: diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, 3rd edn. APA, Washington DCGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Helgason T (1979) Epidemiological investigations concerning affective disorders. In: Schou M, Stromgren E (eds) (1979) Origin, prevention, and treatment of affective disorders. Academic, London, pp 241–255Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Helgason T (1986) Expectancy and outcome of mental disorders in Iceland. In: Weissman MM, Myers JK (eds) Community surveys of psychiatric disorders. Rutgers University Press, New Brunswick, pp 221–238Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Icelandic State Alcohol Council (1986) News releaseGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Helgason T (1986) Prevalence and incidence of alcohol abuse in Iceland. In: Cooper B (ed) Psychiatric epidemiology: progress and prospectsGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Editorial (1986) Government hypocrisy on drugs. Br Med J 292:712–713CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kristmundsson OH (1985) Ólögleg ávana-og fíkniefni á Íslandi (Illegal drugs in Iceland). Dóms- og kirkjumálaráðuneytið, ReykjavíkGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tómas Helgason

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations