Marital Quality and Treatment Outcome in Anxiety Disorders
A number of therapists have suggested that interpersonal, particularly marital, difficulites play an import part in the development and maintenance of patients’ phobic symptoms (Emmelkamp 1982; Goldstein and Chambless 1978; Hafner 1982). The partners of phobics have been described as impeding or reversing the positive effects of treatment or even developing psychiatric symptoms themselves. Further, it has been suggested that treatment-produced change in phobic symptoms may have a negative impact upon the client’s marriage (e.g., Hafner 1982). On the basis of such clinical observations, it has been claimed that a system-theoretic interactional approach is needed to understand the etiology and maintenance of agoraphobia (Hafner 1982).
KeywordsDepression Dition Sonal Milton Agoraphobia
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