Biology and Pharmacological Treatment of Panic Disorder

  • T. W. Uhde
  • M. B. Stein

Abstract

Considerable controversy exists regarding the etiologic nature of panic disorder. Predictably, proponents of psychological therapies posit psychological and experiential origins for panic disorder, while believers in psychopharmacological approaches put forward biological explanations. Who is correct?

Keywords

Depression Lactate Migraine Cortisol Schizophrenia 

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. W. Uhde
  • M. B. Stein

There are no affiliations available

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