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Crops II pp 351-369 | Cite as

Lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.)

  • R. Alconero
Part of the Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry book series (AGRICULTURE, volume 6)

Abstract

Lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) is a domestic annual species in the family Asteraceae (Compositae) cultivated mainly for its fleshy leaves. It forms within the genus Lactuca a somewhat isolated genetic compatibility group with three wild species that also have nine pairs of chromosomes, L. serriola, L. saligna and L. virosa (Thompson et al. 1941; Thompson 1943). Its relationship with L. serriola appears to be very close, having morphologically identical chromosomes that may be largely homologous and with no apparent obstacles to gene flow between them. There are marked sterility barriers between L. saligna on one side and L. serriola and L. sativa on the other, but gene exchange is possible. The genetic relationship with L. virosa is more distant. There are clear differences between it and the three other species in chromosome morphology, and gene exchange is very difficult (Lindqvist 1960b).

Keywords

Downy Mildew Naphthalene Acetic Acid Lactuca Sativa Lettuce Leaf Lettuce Cultivar 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Alconero
    • 1
  1. 1.U.S. Department of Agriculture, New York State Agricultural Experiment StationARS, Plant Germplasm ResourcesGenevaUSA

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