Analysis of Tritium in Metals

  • Rainer Lässer
Part of the Springer Series in Materials Science book series (SSMATERIALS, volume 9)


To analyze tritium in metals, almost all conventional techniques employed for the study of the stable hydrogen isotopes in metals can be used: Secondary Ion Mass Spectroscopy (SIMS) [4.1], Auger spectroscopy [4.2], Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) [4.3], measurements of the length or lattice parameter change in comparison with pure metals [4.4], weight changes [4.5], depth profiling [4.6] using the nuclear reaction 3H(d, n)4He, channeling, neutron spectroscopy [4.7], neutron radiography [4.8], electron microscopy, etc. Only certain nuclear physical methods specific to tritium will be described in this chapter. Very small amounts of tritium can be detected with techniques using proportional counters and ionisation chambers, liquid scintillation detectors and photographic emulsions [4.9, 10]. A simple method to determine large amounts of tritium in a metal bed is the measurement of the temperature increase in the bed due to the energy created by the dissolved tritium. The heat output of 1 g tritium is 0.324 W.


Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Tritium Concentration Neutron Radiography Nuclear Reaction Analysis Bremsstrahlung Radiation 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rainer Lässer
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Institut für FestkörperforschungKernforschungsanlage JülichJülichGermany
  2. 2.JET Joint UndertakingAbingdon, OxfordshireUK

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